Glaucoma is a silent and degenerative disease of the optic nerve, representing the leading cause of irreversible blindness in the Western world. It is characterised by excessive intraocular pressure, which crushes the optic nerve, slowly destroying the nerve fibres that connect the retina to the brain. The reasons for the increase in ocular pressure are still unknown today.
If it is not detected in time, glaucoma results in a gradual and subtle reduction in the field of vision that is often noticed by the patient at a very late stage and, over time, results in vision loss.
These diseases often develop without causing any pain or symptoms, which is why regular screening is necessary.
The only way of detecting glaucoma in time is to be checked by an ophthalmologist. This should be every three years from the age of 40 years old. Carried out by doctors specialising in ophthalmology, this painless, harmless test lasts about 20 minutes. The doctor uses a slit lamp that emits a light beam to observe the interior of the eye. They then measure the ocular pressure and examine the back of the eye, which allows them to carefully assess the optic nerve and the retina.
Glaucoma treatment involves reducing the intraocular pressure (not to be confused with arterial pressure). There are three methods for reducing intraocular pressure: eye drops, lasers, and surgery (minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS), or filtration surgery).
Your ophthalmologist will tell you which approach is most suitable for preserving your vision for as long as possible and best for your current situation.
A glaucoma operation cannot cure glaucoma, or improve visual function, or repair irreversible lesions caused by glaucoma. The purpose of glaucoma surgery is to reduce the intraocular pressure in order to slow down, or even stop, the development of glaucoma by creating an alternative drainage channel.
The choice of intervention depends on the criteria linked to your glaucoma, which only your ophthalmologist can assess.
In view of the number of publications, Swiss Visio ranks as one of the largest glaucoma centres in Europe and brings together the leading experts in this field. Thanks to its innovative research centre, it also benefits from the latest developments in glaucoma diagnosis and treatment.